Swede Harbour in Malmö handles large amounts of scrap each year. The bulk of it is exported to Turkey, where it is recycled into new sheet metal and reinforcement rods.
"Recycling the metals is an important part of the cycle", says Perry Emchen, Terminal Manager in Swede Harbour, or the Bulk Port as it is often called.
Swede Harbour is Western Sweden’s largest bulk port. Scrap is unloaded here in the form of recycled cars, surplus metal from Swedish car production and material recovered from industrial demolition. After unloading, the scrap is collected up, fragmented and stored for onward transport.
Stena Metal International is Swede Harbour’s largest customer. The company transports scrap to Malmö every week by sea, rail and road.
"The ships frequently come to us from the port in Halmstad to finish loading here. This is because we have a water depth of 13.5 metres and therefore have room for ships with a really big draught", says Perry Emchen.
Thanks to the depth of water in Swede Harbour, CMP can handle what are known as Panamax vessels. The largest that can be accommodated are 240 metres long and 45 metres wide.
"Approximately 60% of all scrap is exported to Turkey. They buy different types of scrap, both old and new. The buyers are always present during loading, they are very particular about inspections. Other countries we export to are the USA, China and Spain."
Perry Emchen says that trials have recently been conducted with so-called pressed steel bundles, i.e. new surplus sheet metal from the automobile industry, to Turkey. This type of scrap was previously only shipped to the USA and Spain.
"Enormous steelworks have been constructed at the port in Turkey. The ships are unloaded directly into the smelting furnaces."